Diabetes Mellitus is a condition that occurs when the body can’t use glucose normally means increased level of glucose in the blood.

The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells. In diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin, that is type 1 diabetes or the body can’t respond normally to the insulin that is made, that is type 2 diabetes. This causes glucose levels in the blood to rise, leading to symptoms such as increased urination, extreme thirst, and unexplained weight loss.

Blood sugar levels:

  • Fasting blood sugar (FBS)-70-100mg/dl-Normal

    • FBS-101-126mg/dl-Early diabetes

    • FBS-more than 126mg/dl-Diabetes

    • FBS-below 70mg/dl-Hypoglycemia

    • FBS-less than 50mg/dl-Insulin shock

  • Post prandial blood sugar (PPBS)-70-140mg/dl-Normal

    • PPBS-140-200mg/dl-Early diabetes

    • PPBS-more than 200mg/dl-Diabetes

  • Random blood sugar (RBS)-70-140mg/dl-Normal

    • RBS-more than 200mg/dl-Diabetes

Types of Diabetes mellitus:

  • Type 1 diabetes

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Gestational diabetes

  • Surgically induced diabetes

  • Chemically induced diabetes

  • Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA)

1. Type 1 diabetes mellitus

It is also called insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes, because type 1 diabetes usually develops in children and teenagers, though it can develop at any age and is characterized by a severe deficiency in insulin secretion resulting from atrophy of the islets of Langerhans and causing hyperglycemia and a marked tendency toward ketoacidosis.

Causative factors for type 1 diabetes mellitus:

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is not known, researchers believe the disease develops when a virus or environmental toxin damages the pancreas or causes the body’s immune system to attack the beta cells of the pancreas As a result, the beta cells of the pancreas can no longer produce enough insulin. Genetics may play a role in this process, and exposure to certain viruses may trigger the disease.


  • Increased thirst and hunger

  • Increased frequency urination

  • Weight loss

  • Fatigue

  • Blurred vision

  • Decreased mental sharpness

  • Extreme thirst and hunger

  • Frequent skin infections

  • Slow-healing wounds

These serious warning symptoms may be the first signs of type 1 diabetes or in some cases when blood sugar levels are very high. That is called diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis symptoms are

  • Deep, rapid breathing

  • Dryness of skin and mouth

  • Flushed face

  • Fruity breath odor

  • Nausea or vomiting, inability to keep down fluids

  • Pain abdomen

In some cases, when blood sugar level falls below 70 mg/dL. That is called Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). It is developing quickly in people with diabetes who are taking insulin. Hypglycemia symptoms are

  • Headache

  • Hunger

  • Nervousness

  • Palpitations

  • Sweating

  • Weakness

How to diagnose type 1 diabetes mellitus?

To diagnose diabetes can be done by measuring sugar levels in several ways:

  • Fasting sugar (first thing in the morning)

  • Random sugar (done at any time of the day)

  • Sugar level 2 hours after a standard load of carbohydrates

2. Type 2 diabetes mellitus

It is a common form of diabetes mellitus that develops especially in adults and most often in obese individuals and it is characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from impaired insulin utilization with the body’s inability to compensate with increased insulin production. But either their pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin well enough. When there is not enough insulin as it should be, glucose can’t get into the body’s cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, the body’s cells are not able to function properly. It is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) this form of diabetes. It is also responsible for nearly 95% of diabetes cases in the United States

Causative factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus:

Causes are combination of genetic and environmental factors. Although there is a strong genetic predisposition, the risk is greatly increased when associated with lifestyle factors such as

  • High blood pressure

  • Overweight or obesity

  • Insufficient physical activity

  • Poor diet

  • Family history of diabetes


  • Excessively thirst

  • Frequent urination

  • Feeling tired and lethargic

  • Always feeling hungry

  • Having cuts that heal slowly

  • Skin infections with itching

  • Blurred vision

  • Gradually increasing of weight

  • Mood swings

  • Headaches with dizziness

  • Leg cramps.

How to diagnose type 2 diabetes mellitus?

  • Fasting blood glucose Test-Glucose levels of 7.0mmol/litre or greater suggest type 2 diabetes.

  • Two-hour blood glucose test (glucose tolerance test)-Glucose levels of 11.1mmol/litre or greater suggest you have type 2 diabetes.

  • Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C) test-HbA1C is a protein that is produced when you have high blood glucose levels over a long period of time. HbA1C levels of 48mmol/mol or greater suggest you have type 2 diabetes.

  • If blood test results suggest you have type 2 diabetes, you may need to have repeat tests before the diagnosis is confirmed.

3. Gestational diabetes:

Which causes high blood sugar, develops during pregnancy (gestation) and is caused by increased production of hormones that make the body less able to use insulin as well as it should. Most gestational diabetes goes away after birth but it does put you at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later.

4. Chemically induced diabetes:

Some types of medication can cause blood sugar level to be higher than normal. Steroids, specifically cortisone or prednisone, are the most common cause of chemically induced diabetes.

5. Surgically induced diabetes:

When surgery is performed on the pancreas for any reason, there’s a risk that its ability to produce insulin will change. This condition may be temporary or permanent. In this type of diabetes frequent testing of blood sugar is needed to monitor whether medications or insulin injections may be necessary.

How Homeopathy helps to cure Diabetes?

In homeopathy, diabetes is seen as a reflection of the body’s inability to function optimally.

There is an imbalance that results in the body’s incapacity to effectively utilize the insulin that it produces, or to produce sufficient insulin for its needs. While symptoms often disappear after conventional treatment, the vital force does not. Homeopathy can be used effectively in the treatment of diabetes. Here we mainly concentrate on functioning of the pancreas in efficient insulin production.

The metabolic condition of a patient suffering from diabetes requires both therapeutic and nutritional measures to correct the illness. Homeopathy can regulate sugar metabolism while helping to resolve the metabolic disturbances that lead to diabetes.

Furthermore, homeopathy helps stimulate the body’s self-healing powers in order to prevent complications such as open leg sores and other dysfunctions of the blood vessel, loss of vision, kidney failure. Homeopathic treatment does not target one illness, an organ, a body part or a symptom. Remedies are prescribed based on an assembly of presenting symptoms, their stresses in life.